What is it?

Myopathy refers to conditions which are characterized by muscle weakness.Muscle weakness is a reduced ability to contract the muscles and decreased strength. It may interfere with the ability to perform daily activities such as standing, walking, sitting up and moving. Muscle weakness can be represented in the muscles of the arms,legs, face and more. Myopathies are divided into inherited and acquired myopathies. Inherited myopathies may include congenital myopathies, mitochondrial myopathies, metabolic conditions, and muscular dystrophies. Acquired myopathies include autoimmune, inflammatory, toxic, endocrine, infectious and electrolytes myopathies.

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Signs & symptoms

Symptoms include muscle weakness, muscle cramps, fatigue and lack of energy.


Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include blood and urine tests, EMG, imaging tests of the brain and spinal cord, nerve conduction tests, muscle biopsy, and lumbar puncture.


Treatment depends on the underlying cause and may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, medications, dietary changes, and surgical interventions.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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