What is it?

Candida is a fungus that normally lives on the skin, mouth, throat, gut and vagina. But when it grows out of control a candida infection may develop- called candidiasis. Oral candidiasis, or thrush, happens when the candida yeast spreads in the mouth and throat. This condition is more common in newborns, the elderly, and people who are immunodeficient, have diabetes and wear dentures. Genital yeast infection is common in older women when the balance in the vagina changes in situations such as pregnancy, after taking antibiotics, diabetes, usage of all kinds of vaginal sprays and lubricants etc. Diaper rash may also occur due to candida infection. If candida enters the bloodstream it is called invasive candidiasis and it could travel to different organs and cause a life-threatening infection.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Thrush
- Yest infection

Signs & symptoms

Oral candidiasis symptoms include white-yellow patches in the mouth, redness or soreness in the mouth and throat, cracking at the corners of the mouth and pain while swallowing. Symptoms of vaginal candidasis include intching, redenss, swelling, pain during sex or while peeing, and a thick, with "cottage cheese" discharge. Diaper rash may present at irritated, red, sensitive skin with raised red borders around the sores. Symptoms of invasive candidiasis may include fever and chills,


Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include a blood sample or a sample from the infected body site.


Oral thrush is treated with antifungal medicines. Vaginal candidiasis is treated with antifungal suppository, tablet or cream.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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