What is it?

A disorder of mineral metabolism is an abnormally high or low level of different minerals in your blood. This can affect everything from your blood to your heart, lungs and brain. If untreated, some imbalances can become life-threatening.
Among the important minerals in your body are iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium and many more.
The kidney is the main organ that keeps your minerals (or electrolyte) balanced. A disorder of mineral metabolism occurs when something interferes with this delicate balance. Some examples:
Dehydration (too little water intake)
kidney or liver disease
malabsorption of food due to diarrhea, vomiting or diseases
certain medications
The symptoms and treatment may change depending on the imbalanced mineral.
Ask your doctor for specific treatment, and ways you can prevent future disorders.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Mineral Metabolism Disorders
- calcium deficiency
- Acidosis
- Transfusion associated Circulatory Overload
- Fluid Overload
- Hyponatremia
- Hyperpotassemia
- Hemochromatosis due to RBC Transfusions
- Mixed Acid-Base Balance Disorder
- Alkalosis
- Hereditary Hemochromatosis
- Disorders of Copper Metabolism
- Disorders of Iron Metabolism
- Hungry Bone Syndrome
- Hyperosmolality

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms may include anxiety, blood pressure changes, chronic fatigue, dizziness, appetite changes, body weight changes, confusion, difficulty concentrating, headaches, muscle weakness, thirst, insomnia, fever, palpitation, arrhythmias, diarrhea, constipation, joint pain or numbness.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is based upon findings from anamnesis and physical examination. Then,blood and urine tests can be checked for abnormalities. Sometimes, an EKG has to be performed.

Treatment

Treatment may include Intravenous fluids, changes in diet to replace lost electrolytes and mineral or vitamin supplements.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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