What is it?

Ventriculomegaly refers to a condition in which the ventricles of the brain, where the SCF is, are enlarged. Hydrocephalus is the main concern when speaking of ventriculomegaly that happens when the SCF builds up in the ventricles. Sometimes, when there is mild ventriculomegaly, it is benign and does not require any treatment. The brain’s ventricles develop around week 15 of pregnancy. Causes for ventriculomegaly may include hydrocephalus, imbalance of CSF production and absorption, defects in brain development and damage or loss in brain tissue.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Ventriculomegaly
- Temporal Sclerosis

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms may include rapid abnormal head growth, full fontanel, distended scalp veins, eyes staring downwards, developmental delay, poor feeding, irritability, and vomiting.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include a brain ultrasound.

Treatment

It usually resolves on its own. If needed, in order to reduce pressure, SCF is being drained away by a shunt.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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