What is it?

Vestibular disorders are conditions that affect the inner ear, where the organ that controls balance is located. In these conditions, symptoms may include dizziness and trouble with achieving balance. The most common vestibular disorder is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), which happens when the ear crystals move from one part of the inner ear to another part. Other disorders include labyrinthitis which is an infection in the middle ear. Vestibular neuritis is when a general viral infection affects the nerve that conducts sounds and balance. People who suffer from Meniere disease have sudden attacks of vertigo, tinnitus, hearing loss and a feeling of fullness in the ear. Meniere disease is caused due to allergy, virus, fluids in the middle ear, and autoimmune reaction.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Vestibular neuronitis
- Suppurative Labyrinthitis
- Viral Labyrinthitis
- Central Origin Vertigo
- Peripheral Vertigo
- Serous Labyrinthitis
- Labyrinthine Fistula
- Vestibular Neuronitis

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms depend on the specific disorder, and may include dizziness, loss of balance, hearing loss, neause, fever, ear pain, pressure, pus or fluid from the ear, vomiting, trouble walking and tinnitus.


Vestibular disorder diagnosis is based upon medical history, physical exam and other tests such as hearing exam, vision exam, blood tests, imaging test of the brain, and clinical tests of balance.


Treatments for vestibular conditions depend on the exact condition but may include vestibular physical therapy, antibiotics, antihistamines, steroids, cutting down caffeine, salt and alcohol. Some of the vestibular conditions require surgical procedures.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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