What is it?

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common type of infection occurring in the different parts of the urinary system. A UTI may include the urethra, ureters, bladder and kidneys. Bacteria can enter the urinary system from outside the body, causing the infection. It is more common in women, but can happen to men as well. Conditions that may cause frequent UTIs are diabetes, and people who have abnormalities in their urinary tract. An untreated urinary tract infection may cause pyelonephritis, which is a renal infection, with symptoms like flank pain, fever and chills.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Chronic urinary tract infections

Signs & symptoms

Urinary tract infection symptoms may include flank pain, abdominal pain or pelvic pain, frequent and urgent urination, incontinence, painful urination, blood in the urine, and a need to urinate at night.


Diagnosis of UTI is based on findings from medical history, physical examination, urine test, and urine culture. For recurrent UTIs an ultrasound, cystoscopy, or a CT scan will probably be done.


Treatment for urinary tract infection usually includes antibiotics. For people who have recurrent UTIS it is sometimes recommended to take preventive low dosage antibiotics.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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