What is it?

Migraines are a common type of headache. Migraine attack can last for hours to days, and interfere with daily activities. Migraine triggers can be hormonal changes (menstrual periods, pregnancy and menopause), specific drinks (such as wine and caffeine), stress and more. Migraines often run in families and affect all ages.

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Signs & symptoms

Migraine is characterized by intense, throbbing, one sided headaches. Additional symptoms may include nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light and sound. In some cases, early (prodromal) symptoms occur before the migraine appears. These symptoms known as an aura, and include visual disturbances (flashes of light, blind spots) and neurological disturbances (tingling sensation, difficulty speaking).


Diagnosis of migraine is based on a person’s medical history, symptoms, and physical and neurological examination. Is some cases, additional tests, such as brain CT or MRI scans, will be needed to exclude other diagnoses.


There are many medications to treat Migraine. These medications include various painkillers aimed to treat an acute attack, as well as preventative medications aimed to reduce the rate of attacks.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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