What is it?

Temporal Lobe Epilepsy is epilepsy characterized by seizures that begin in the temporal lobe, which are also called focal seizures with impaired awareness. During most temporal seizures, the person might look awake but will not be responsive. It could be caused due to a traumatic brain injury, infections, scarring of the temporal lobe, stroke, blood vessels malformation, brain tumors and genetic syndromes.

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Localization-related epilepsy and epileptic syndromes with complex partial seizures.

Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms may include an aura before the seizure begins- a sense of fear or joy, a deja vu experience, sudden smell or taste, a sensation in the abdomen which feels like being on a roller coaster. During the seizure symptoms may include loss of awareness, staring, smacking the lips together, swallowing or chewing movements, and unusual finger movements. After a seizure there could be an episode of confusion, inability to recall the seizure, and sleepiness.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include EEG which records brain electrical activity and imaging of the brain such as CT scan or MRI.

Treatment

Treatment includes anticonvulsants medications and in rare cases surgery such as deep brain stimulation.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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