What is it?

Intracranial Hemorrhage (ICH) is a life threatening condition in which there is a sudden bleeding inside the skull or brain. There are four types of Intracranial Hemorrhage:
Epidural hematoma- an accumulation of blood between the skull and the outermost layer that covers the brain, usually following a head injury.
Subdural hematoma- an accumulation of blood on the brain’s surface, due to rapid head moving, such as in a car accident or due to child abuse. It is common in old people who tend to fall.
Subarachnoid hemorrhage- bleeding between the brain and the meninges, usually caused by trauma or aneurysm, a rupture of a blood vessel. People who have it describe it as the worst headache they ever had.
intracerebral hemorrhage - bleeding inside the brain tissue due to stroke, usually.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Hemorrhagic stroke
- Nontraumatic Extradural Hemorrhage

Signs & symptoms

Intracranial Hemorrhage symptoms may include sudden headache, or long lasting headache, neck stiffness, confusion, drowsiness, vomiting, seizures, coma and focal neurological deficits such as difficulty speaking or unilateral weakness.


Diagnosis of Intracranial Hemorrhages is based upon findings from physical examination, medical history and tests such as a CT scan.


Treatment may include surgical procedures to relieve the pressure on the skull and medications such as steroids, anticoagulantes, anti seizures, and blood thinners.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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