What is it?

Male infertility refers to a male's inability to cause pregnancy in a fertile female.
There are many causes for male infertility, resulting in decreased sperm count, abnormal sperm morphology/motility or problems in ejaculation.
Among the causes for male infertility are: genetic disorders, hormonal disorders, various infections, varicocele, smoking, past chemotherapy, obstruction of reproductive ducts and more.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Oligospermia
- Oligozoospermia
- Azoospermia
- Sertoli cell only syndrome

Signs & symptoms

there are many causes for male infertility, each of them may have different signs and symptoms. some conditions may have no signs at all except for the inability to cause pregnancy.


diagnosis of the cause for male infertility may include:
* medical history and physical examination
* semen analysis to evaluate sperm count, morphology, motility and more
* blood tests - to evaluate hormonal activity and/or perform genetic testing
* ultrasound imaging of the genital area


Treatments vary according to the underlying cause, and may include:
* hormonal therapy
* using the sperm for intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), or IVF with intracytoplasmatic sperm injection (ICSI).
* Surgery
* medications

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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