What is it?

Hypokalemia is low potassium levels in the blood. Normal potassium levels range from 3.6 to 5.2 mmol/L. Hypokalemia may be caused due to many reasons. The most common cause is increased urination due to medications. Other reasons may include vomiting, diarrhea, excessive alcohol use, chronic kidney disease, diabetic ketoacidosis, laxative use, folic acid deficiency, antibiotics and primary aldosteronism.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Low Potassium

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms may include muscle cramps,muscle spasticity, muscle twitches, kidney problems and abnormal heart rhythms.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of hypokalemia is done by a blood test. Further diagnosis may be done with a urine test and a heart ECG.

Treatment

Treatment is potassium supplements and treatment of the underlying condition.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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