What is it?

Hyperglycemia refers to high levels of blood sugar due to low levels of insulin. It is most commonly seen in diabetes. Hyperglycemia is when blood sugar levels are greater than 125 mg/dL while fasting. Sugar is in everything we eat, and every cell in our body needs it for energy. When we eat sugar, it moves from the digestive tract to the bloodstream. In order to get from the blood into the cells it needs insulin.
In type 2 diabetes, either your body can’t use the insulin it makes as well as it should, or it doesn’t make enough of it. Usually it is a combination of the two. Because the sugar does not enter the cells, it remains in your bloodstream and causes high blood sugar levels.

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Signs & symptoms

Symptoms may include frequent urination (an urgency to pee), intense thirst and weight loss.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include A1C test, Fasting blood sugar test, glucose tolerance test or random blood sugar test.

Treatment

Treatment may include lifestyle changes physical activity, eat healthier, and reduce smoking.
In addition, there are several types of medications that may help reduce blood sugar levels.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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