What is it?

Generalized convulsive epilepsy, or epilepsy with generalized seizures, refers to epileptic seizures occurring throughout the whole brain. A generalized seizure is also known as generalized tonic-clonic seizure or a grand mal seizure. Causes for generalized epilepsy may include genetics, changes in brain structures, infection in the brain, head trauma, tumor, Alzheimer’s disease, a stroke or congenital conditions such as tuberous sclerosis.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Myoclonic epilepsy
- Tonic- clonic seizure

Signs & symptoms

Generalized seizure symptoms may include biting the cheek or tongue, locking of the jaw, losing control of the bladder and bowels, and turning blue in the face. After a seizure, symptoms may include drowsiness, headache, confusion and a temporary weakness of one side of the body.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include EEG which records brain electrical activity and imaging of the brain such as CT scan or MRI.

Treatment

Treatment includes anticonvulsants medications and in rare cases surgery such as deep brain stimulation.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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