What is it?

In a dislocation of the shoulder, the upper arm bone is detached from the shoulder joint. The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint, which allows the arm to rotate in a circular motion and to hinge out and up away from the body. The big range of motion makes the joint susceptible to dislocation. Most of the dislocations are anterior dislocations. Dislocation of the joint may happen as a part of sport injuries, trauma or falls. Risk factors for shoulder dislocation are malen in their 20s, as well as people who already suffered a shoulder dislocation. Complications may include tears in the ligmatens, tendons and muscles that surround the shoulder joint, nerve or blood vessel damage and shoulder instability.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Open Anterior Dislocation of Humerus
- Open Inferior Dislocation of Humerus
- Open Shoulder Dislocation
- Open Posterior Dislocation of Humerus
- Closed Posterior Dislocation of Humerus
- Closed Acromioclavicular Dislocation
- Closed Anterior Dislocation of Humerus
- Open Acromioclavicular Dislocation
- Closed Shoulder Dislocation

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms of a dislocated shoulder are visible deformity or out-of-place shoulder as well as swelling, bruising, pain and inability to move the joint. Also, weakness of the arm, numbness or tingling may be caused.


A dislocated shoulder is diagnosed on a physical exam and an X-ray of the shoulder.


Treatment includes a closed reduction by performing maneuvers to put the bones back to their proper positions. This should improve the pain immediately. Surgery might be needed if there are recurring dislocations or if there is nerve or blood damage. Immobilization and rehabilitation may sometimes be suggested.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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