What is it?

Congenital anomalies of the female genital tract are developmental issues that form in the embryo. These formations can occur in the vagina, ovaries, uterus, or cervix.

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Congenital Anomalies of Genital Organs.

Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Agenesis of Uterus
- Unicornuate Uterus
- Embryonic Cyst of Fallopian Tubes and Broad Ligaments
- Epispadias
- Undescended Testis
- Micropenis
- Retractile Testis
- Hypospadias
- Hidden Penis
- Indeterminate Sex and Pseudohermaphroditism
- Anomaly of Cervix, Vagina and External Female Genitalia
- Anomalies of Fallopian Tubes and Broad Ligaments
- Scrotal Transposition
- Arcuate Uterus
- Doubling of Uterus
- Hypoplasia of Uterus
- Congenital Chordee

Signs & symptoms

Congenital anomalies of the female genital tract may be asymptomatic or symptomatic. Common symptoms may include:
- Inability to empty the bladder
- Lack of breast development
- Menstrual flow that occurs despite the use of a tampon
- Repeated preterm birth, or miscarriages
- Monthly cramping or pain without menstruation
- Pain with intercourse


Congenital anomaly of the genital tract diagnosed by a complete medical history and physical examination. Other diagnostic procedures may include:
- Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)- An HSG is an X-ray procedure typically used to assess fertility.
- 3D Ultrasound- This imaging technique provides a three-dimensional picture which is helpful for this diagnosis.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)- An MRI is a diagnostic procedure that utilizes a large magnet, radio frequencies, and a computer to reflect images of structures and organs of the body.


Congenital uterine abnormalities are usually treated through surgical procedures. The following surgical techniques may be used:
- Laparoscopy: Operative laparoscopy involves using a thin, lighted tube inserted through a small incision in the abdomen. This procedure is minimally invasive.
- Hysteroscopy: Operative hysteroscopy is a less invasive surgical procedure used to remove polyps, tumors, or abnormalities through cauterizing (demolition of tissue by electric current, heat, freezing, or chemicals).

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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