What is it?

Vesicoureteral reflux is urine that flows opposite to its normal direction- from the bladder back up into the ureters. It is a condition that is diagnosed during infancy or childhood, and it may increase the risk for urinary tract infections and kidney damage. Vesicoureteral reflux is typically congenital in babies who are born with a defect in the valve that prevents the urine from going back up. It could also be caused due to blockage of the bladder or failure of the bladder to empty.

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Signs & symptoms

Vesicoureteral reflux usually does not present with any symptoms, unless there is a urinary tract infection. Then, symptoms may include pain while urinating, urgency to urinate, flank pain and abdominal pain


Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include ultrasound and x-ray of the urinary tract system and the kidneys as well as a nuclear scan.


Treatment depends on the severity of the condition and may include antibiotics for urinary tract infections, a wait and see approach or surgery to treat the reflux.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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