What is it?

Urethral syndrome is a condition affecting the urethra, also known as asymptomatic bacteriuria. It has many similar symptoms to urethritis, but while urethritis is caused due to an infection, urethral syndrome has no clear cause. It is more common in women, but can occur in all adults. Some causes include scented products, spermicidal jellies, caffeine, chemotherapy, radiation and abnormal narrowing of the urethra.

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Signs & symptoms

Symptoms include abdominal pain, frequent and painful urination, pain during sex and blood in urine. There are a few symptoms which may appear only in men such as swelling of the testicles, pain while ejaculating, blood in semen and penile discharge.


Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include urine sample and a pelvic ultrasound to rule out other conditions.


Treatment may include antibiotics, anesthetics, antidepressants to relieve chronic pain, and alpha blocker which improve blood flow. In some cases, surgery may be done to dilate the urethra.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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