What is it?

The tear system of the eye typically keeps the eye wet enough to be comfortable without overflowing. The tearing system is comprised of glands that produce the tear fluid, an opening to let the fluid reach the eye, and ducts in the eye’s inner corner into the tear fluid drains. Disorders of the tearing system can be divided into conditions that result in the eyes being too dry and conditions that result in the eyes being too "wet", causing excessive tearing. Each part of the tearing system can cause problems, and many diseases can cause either "wet" or dry eye disorders.

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Signs & symptoms

Symptoms of tearing disorder differ greatly depending on the specific condition. Symptoms of dry eyes disorder may include:
- Pain and irritation, stinging, or burning sensation in the eyes.
- Sensitivity to light.
- Difficulty using contact lenses.
- Blurred vision.
- A sensation that resembles having something in the eye.
Excessive tearing disorders symptoms may include:
- Excessive tearing.
- Allergy symptoms, such as itching or sneezing.
- Pain in the eye area.
- Eye irritation.


Tearing disorders can be detected during an eye exam performed by an ophthalmologist or an ophthalmic plastic physician. During the exam, the physician will assess both eyes and eyelids and determine the exact condition.


Treatment of tearing disorders depends significantly on the specific condition and the cause of it. The physician may prescribe medications or eye drops. In some cases, no treatment is required, and in other cases, surgery is indicated.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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