What is it?

Takotsubo syndrome, or Takotsubo cardiomegaly, refers to a condition which is characterized by enlargement of the left ventricle of the heart. In Japanese, takotsubo means a pot which is used to trap octopuses- which resembles the heart’s shape once the ventricle is enlarged. This condition is usually triggered by emotional or physical stress, which gave it its name "broken heart syndrome". It may be caused during grief periods, after experiencing domestic abuse or a physical assault, for example. It is more common in women, and may happen at any age. The condition is usually temporary, and most people who have it make a full recovery.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- broken heart syndrome

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms may include chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations, and feeling sick.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include ECG, blood tests, echocardiogram, cardiac MRI and an angiogram.


Treatment

Treatment may include medications such as diuretics, beta blockers, ace inhibitors. The syndrome is usually self limiting and symptoms should go away on their own after a while.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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