What is it?

Spasmodic torticollis, or cervical dystonia is a condition in whi the neck muscle contracts involuntarily, causing painful twist of the head. It may also cause the head to tilt forward or backward, without the person’s will. It could occur at any age but is more common in middle aged women. In most cases, the cause is unknown. Some have family history. It is sometimes linked to injury in the head, neck or shoulder.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Cervical Dystonia

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms include a contraction of the neck muscle so that the head is twisted in a variety of positions such as- chin toward shoulder, ear towards shoulder, chin straight up or down.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include an MRI scan.


Treatment

There is no cure for dystonia and the treatment focuses on relieving the symptoms. Medications such as botulinum toxin could be ingested to the muscles, physical therapy, deep brain stimulation and cutting the nerve carrying the contraction signals to the muscles can be suggested.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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