What is it?

The sphincter of Oddi is a muscle that open and closes in order to allow the bile and pancreatic juice to flow and enter the small intestine. When there a dysfunction or a spasm in the sphinchter of Oddi, the muscle does not open properly. This condition causes backup of bile and pancreatic fluids and abdominal pain. It is more common in people who have had their gallbladder removed and middle aged women.

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Spasm of sphincter of Oddi.

Signs & symptoms

Symtpoms include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills and diarrhea.


Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include sphincter of Oddi manometry, which measures its contraction and expansion.


Treatment may include pain medications for milder and undiagnosed cases and endoscopic procedure calles a sphincterotomy.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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