What is it?

Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is a bacterial infection that affects the GI tract. Salmonella typically live in animal and human intestines and are transfer through feces. Humans become infected most frequently through contaminated water or food.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Salmonella Meningitis
- Salmonella Arthritis
- Salmonella Pneumonia

Signs & symptoms

Usually, people with salmonella have no symptoms and most people recover within a few days without specific treatment. Possible signs and symptoms include:
- Nausea
- Vomiting
- Abdominal pain
- Diarrhea
- Fever
- Chills
- Headache
- Blood in the stool

Symptoms generally last two to seven days


The first thing to do to diagnose Salmonella is a good anamnesis and physical examination. Salmonella can also be detected by testing a stool sample or a blood culture to identify the bacteria.


Because salmonella infection can be dehydrating, treatment focuses on replacing fluids and electrolytes. Severe cases may require hospitalization and intravenous fluids. In addition, your doctor may recommend medications such as:
- Anti-diarrheals such as Imodium.
- Antibiotics

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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