What is it?

Retrograde cricopharyngeal dysfunction (R-CPD) is a condition where the upper esophageal sphincter fails to relax properly during swallowing, leading to difficulty in moving food from the mouth into the esophagus.

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Signs & symptoms

Symptoms of retrograde cricopharyngeal dysfunction may include difficulty swallowing, sensation of food getting stuck in the throat, coughing, choking, and regurgitation of food or liquid.


Diagnosis of retrograde cricopharyngeal dysfunction can be made through a series of tests, including a barium swallow test, endoscopic evaluation, and manometry.


Treatment for retrograde cricopharyngeal dysfunction may involve a combination of approaches, including dietary modifications to avoid certain foods, swallowing exercises, and medication to reduce acid reflux and inflammation. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the upper esophageal sphincter.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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