What is it?

Prediabetes is a condition where blood sugar level is higher than normal but It's not high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes. Even though diabetes symptoms are not present at this point, the long-term damage of diabetes may already be starting. With lifestyle changes, though, blood sugar level can brought back to normal and can prevent progression to type 2 diabetes.

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Signs & symptoms

Usually, there are no signs or symptoms at this stage.

Diagnosis

Blood sugar test can easily diagnose prediabetes. The debate over where to draw the line between the normal value of fasting sugar levels and the pre-diabetic condition has recently become more complex, as it has been found that different ethnic groups vary in their risk of diabetes. In addition, it was found that the risk of diabetes already increases in sugar values that are within the normal range (normoglycemia in the young age group, and depends on the presence of additional risk factors for diabetes.

Treatment

Treatment is preventing progression to diabetes type 2 by committing to lifestyle changes. For those who are overweight can benefit from small amount of weight loss, 5% body weight. Regular physical activity means getting at least 150 minutes a week of brisk walking or a similar activity. 30 minutes a day, five days a week.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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