What is it?

Pre-eclampsia is a complication of pregnancy, usually begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy in women with relatively normal blood pressure. With pre-eclampsia the mother usually suffers from high blood pressure, and high levels of protein in urine. It can lead to serious and fatal complications for both the mother and the baby. Early delivery of the baby is usually recommended.

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Signs & symptoms

Along with high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia symptoms may include excess protein in urine, increased liver enzymes in blood, shortness of breath, nausea or vomiting, and severe headaches.


A diagnosis of pre-eclampsia happens with high blood pressure after 20 weeks of pregnancy and one of the following: protein in urine, kidney problems, low blood platelet count, elevated liver enzymes, new persistent headache, new vision disturbances, and fluid in lungs.


The primary treatment for pre-eclampsia is either to deliver the baby or manage the condition until the birth. In case of severe pre-eclampsia some medications are given to treat both the mother and the baby. The medications include antihypertensive drugs, anticonvulsant medication such as magnesium sulfate, and corticosteroids.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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