What is it?

Dwarfism is short stature, which is defined as an adult height of fewer than 4 feet 10 inches, or 147 centimetres. Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) may be present at birth or develop later in life. This condition occurs when the pituitary gland does not produce enough growth hormone. It can be also the result of genetic defects, severe brain injury or being born without a pituitary gland. Sometimes, the reason for GHD is not well understood. Growth hormone deficiency results in proportionate dwarfism which is when all body parts are small to the same degree.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Growth hormone deficiency

Signs & symptoms

In kids with a growth hormone deficiency, limbs are all short as well as the head and trunk. These kids will grow slower and less than expected and may have delayed or no sexual development during adolescence. Headaches may also be a symptom.


Diagnosis starts with the measurement of the height, weight and head circumference of the baby and put them on charts. The appearance of the child may also help the diagnosis, imaging tests such as X-ray on an MRI, hormone test, genetic tests and family history may all help with the diagnosis and finding the cause for dwarfism


In cases of growth hormone deficiency, it is possible to receive daily injections of a synthetic version of the hormone until the child reaches a maximum adult height.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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