What is it?

Piriformis syndrome is a condition that occurs when the piriformis muscle, which is located in the buttock region, compresses the sciatic nerve. This can lead to pain and discomfort in the buttocks, hips, and legs.

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Signs & symptoms

Symptoms of piriformis syndrome can include pain in the buttocks that radiates down the leg, numbness or tingling in the buttocks or leg, and difficulty sitting for extended periods of time. The pain may also worsen with certain activities such as running or climbing stairs.


To diagnose piriformis syndrome, a healthcare provider may perform a physical exam, which may include assessing the range of motion of the hip and lower back, as well as checking for tenderness or swelling in the buttock region. Imaging tests such as an MRI or X-ray may also be ordered to rule out other conditions that may be causing the symptoms.


Treatment for piriformis syndrome may involve a combination of rest, stretching and strengthening exercises, physical therapy, massage therapy, and medication to manage pain and inflammation. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to release the piriformis muscle.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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