What is it?

Pigeon toes, also known as in-toeing or metatarsus adductus, is a condition in which the feet turn inward instead of pointing straight forward when walking or standing. It is commonly seen in infants and young children and usually resolves on its own as the child grows. Pigeon toes can be caused by various factors, including genetics, positioning in the womb, or tightness in certain leg muscles.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- In-toeing
- Metatarsus adductus

Signs & symptoms

The main symptom of pigeon toes is the inward rotation of the feet. Other symptoms may include tripping or stumbling while walking, difficulty with physical activities, and feet that turn inward when walking.


Diagnosis is usually made through a physical examination, assessing the alignment and range of motion of the feet, legs, and hips. X-rays may be performed in some cases.


In most cases, pigeon toes resolve on their own as the child grows. However, treatment options can include stretching exercises, specialized footwear, braces, or physical therapy, depending on the severity and age of the individual.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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