What is it?

A perforated eardrum is a condition in which there is a hole or tear in the thin tissue that separates the ear canal and the middle ear. It can be caused by various factors, including infection, trauma, loud noises, or changes in pressure. The condition can be painful and lead to hearing loss, but it typically heals on its own within a few weeks.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Tympanic membrane perforation

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms of a perforated eardrum may include:

- Ear pain
- Drainage from the ear
- Hearing loss or difficulty hearing
- Ringing or buzzing in the ear (tinnitus)
- Vertigo or dizziness


A doctor can diagnose a perforated eardrum through a physical exam of the ear with an otoscope. They may also perform a hearing test or refer the patient to an audiologist for further testing.


Most perforated eardrums will heal on their own within a few weeks. In some cases, a doctor may prescribe antibiotics to prevent infection or recommend over-the-counter pain relievers to manage pain. In severe cases, surgery may be required to repair the eardrum.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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