What is it?

Pathological Fracture refers to a condition in which the bone breaks due to an underlying disease. Normally, there are bone fractures after experiencing some kind of trauma or injury, in which there is high energy that works against the shearing forces of the bone and breaks it. Pathological fracture, however, is caused due to diseases that make the bones weak and therefore does not have to be preceded with significant trauma. Pathological Fractures occur more commonly in the vertebrae, the hip and the arm. Pathological Fracture is usually caused due to tumors, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, infections and Paget’s disease.

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Signs & symptoms

Symptoms of pathological fractures may include pain, numbness, and weakness.


Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include imaging and blood tests.


Treatment depends on the underlying cause and may include pain medications, physical therapy, wearing braces, vitamin D and calcium supplements.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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