What is it?

Pelvic cancer includes malignancies in the pelvic organs including the pelvic bones and cartilages, rectum, bladder, and reproductive organs. Pelvic cancer can also occur from metastases from other primary cancers in different body parts. Men may also suffer from prostate and testicular cancer while women suffer from cervical, ovarian, uterine or endometrial, vaginal, and vulvar cancer. Some of the malignancies of the pelvis have risk factors such as the presence of genetic mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA 2, radiation treatment, smoking, unprotected sex, multiple sex partners, HIV/AIDS or other sex sexually transmitted diseases, HPV infection and smoking.

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Malignant neoplasm of pelvis.

Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Cancer of the pelvis
- Pelvic cancer
- Primary adenocarcinoma of pelvis
- Primary malignant neoplasm of pelvis

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms of malignant neoplasm of the pelvis may vary depending on the specific cancer and its location. Some patients may be asymptomatic and others may present symptoms such as abdominal pain, fatigue, pelvic pain, vomiting,nausea, diarrhea, bloating, rectal bleeding, night sweats, unintentional weight loss, loss of appetite and weakness. For malignancies in the genital organs of women, symptoms may include abnormal vaginal bleeding, abnormal vaginal discharge, back pain, pain during sexual interourse, changes in menstrual periods, frequent urination, bloody urine, itching and burning sensation in the vulva, sores. For men, blood may be found in the urine or semen, difficulty urinating, leaking urine, abnormal urine stream, enlargement or swelling of the testicles, testicular lump, scrotal pain, itching and discharge from the anus, and pain or lump in the anus.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of malignant Neoplasm of the pelvic usually begins with a medical history and physical examination, including gynaecological examination. Blood tests, PAP smear, colposcopy and imaging tests may be performed as well, and a biopsy will usually give the final diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment for malignant neoplasm of the pelvis usually includes surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of treatments.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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