What is it?

A malignant brain tumour is a fast-growing cancer that spreads to other areas of the brain and spine.

17 Alikes with Malignant neoplasm of brain

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Malignant neoplasm of brain.

Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Anaplastic astrocytoma

Signs & symptoms

The symptoms of a malignant brain tumour depend on how big it is and where it is in the brain. Common symptoms include:
* severe, persistent headaches
* seizures (fits)
* persistent nausea, vomiting and drowsiness
* mental or behavioural changes, such as memory problems or changes in personality
* progressive weakness or paralysis on one side of the body, vision problems, or speech problems
* Speak to your GP if you have persistent symptoms of a brain tumour. While it's unlikely to be a tumour, it's best to be sure by getting a proper diagnosis.


Speak to your GP if you develop any of the symptoms of a malignant brain tumour. Your GP will examine you and ask about your symptoms. They may also carry out a simple neurological examination.
If they suspect you may have a tumour, or they are not sure what's causing your symptoms, you'll probably be referred to a neurologist (brain and nerve specialist).
* Neurological examination- Your GP or neurologist may carry out a test of your nervous system, called a neurological examination, to look for problems associated with a brain tumour.
* computerised tomography (CT) scan
* magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
* electroencephalogram (EEG)
* If a tumour is suspected, a biopsy (surgical removal of a small piece of tissue) may be taken to establish the type of tumour and the most effective treatment.


A primary malignant brain tumour needs to be treated as soon as possible, because it can spread and damage other parts of the brain and spinal cord.
Surgery will usually need to be carried out to remove as much of the tumour as possible. This may be followed by radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy to kill any cancerous cells left behind and reduce the chances of the tumour regrowing.
However, malignant tumours will often eventually return after treatment. If this happens, or if you have a secondary tumour, a cure isn't usually possible and treatment can instead be used to improve symptoms and prolong life.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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