What is it?

A myocardial bridge is a usually harmless condition in which one or more of the coronary arteries goes through the heart muscle instead of lying on its surface. Most bridges don’t seem to cause symptoms. However, some people with myocardial bridges can experience angina, or chest pain.

10 Alikes with Malformation of coronary vessels

Learn from others
who are experiencing
Malformation of coronary vessels.

Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- myocardial bridging

Signs & symptoms

The symptoms of Malformation of coronary vessels vary depending on the type of anomalous artery present. Some types have no associated symptoms and may be found later in life during diagnostic tests such as cardiac echocardiography (echo) or cardiac catheterization. Other types of Malformation of coronary vessels may cause symptoms related to decreased blood flow to the heart tissue, such as chest pain on exertion or at rest.

Diagnosis

The doctor will perform a physical examination, listening to the heart and lungs, and make other observations that help in the diagnosis.
Diagnostic testing for congenital heart disease varies by age, clinical condition, and institutional preferences. Some tests that may be recommended include the following:
* Chest X-ray
* Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
* Echocardiogram (echo)
*Cardiac catheterization
* Computed tomography angiography (CTA)
* Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
* Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)
* Nuclear imaging

Treatment

Specific treatment for anomalous coronary artery will be determined by your doctor based on:
* Age, overall health, and medical history
* Extent of the disease
* Tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
* Expectations for the course of the defect
* Personal opinion or preference

Recommendations for treatment will depend on which type of ACA is present and its effect on the patient. Treatment for ACA may include:
* Medical treatment. Various methods of medical treatment for ACA may include:
* Medications to strengthen the heart, affect the blood pressure, and/or remove extra fluid from the body (water pills). Other types of medications may also be used.
* Oxygen therapy
* Activity limitations
* Surgical treatment. Various surgical techniques may be utilized for ACA repair, depending on the type of anomaly.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

Learn more about our editorial process for content accuracy.

Alike Wisdom

Instantly get answers to medical questions with our AI, built from the collective wisdom of our community facing similar experiences

Thank you! Your submission has been received!

Find people who are
experiencing a similar
medical reality

100% Free
100%
Free