What is it?

Iron deficiency without anemia, also known as iron deficiency without low hemoglobin levels, occurs when there is insufficient iron in the body to support optimal function, but hemoglobin levels remain within the normal range. This condition can occur due to inadequate iron intake, poor absorption, increased iron requirements (such as during pregnancy), or chronic blood loss. It is advised to address iron deficiency without anemia as it can still impact overall well-being and may progress to anemia if left untreated.

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Iron Deficiency Without Anemia.

Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Iron deficiency without low hemoglobin levels

Signs & symptoms

Iron deficiency without anemia can manifest with various symptoms, including:

- Fatigue
- Weakness
- Decreased exercise tolerance
- Pale skin
- Brittle nails
- Hair loss

Diagnosis

To diagnose iron deficiency without anemia, healthcare professionals may consider the following:

- Medical history and physical examination: Assessing symptoms and risk factors.
- Blood tests: Measuring various parameters, including serum ferritin (a protein that stores iron), serum iron, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), and transferrin saturation.
- Other tests: Sometimes, additional tests like a complete blood count (CBC) and a peripheral blood smear may be performed to rule out other conditions.

Treatment

The treatment of iron deficiency without anemia typically involves addressing the underlying cause and increasing iron intake. Recommendations may include:

- Dietary changes: Consuming iron-rich foods like red meat, poultry, seafood, legumes, dark leafy greens, and fortified cereals.
- Iron supplements: In cases where dietary changes are insufficient or not feasible, iron supplements may be prescribed.
- Treating the underlying cause: If iron deficiency is due to factors like chronic blood loss or poor absorption, treating the underlying condition is crucial.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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