What is it?

Hypoparathyroidism is a condition characterized by production of low levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH helps regulate the balance of calcium and phosphorus in the body. Hypoparathyroidism causes low levels of calcium and an increase in phosphorus levels. Hypoparathyroidism may be caused due to neck surgery, autoimmune attack on the parathyroid tissue, hereditary hypoparathyroidism or radiation therapy to the neck area.

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Signs & symptoms

Symptoms may include muscle aches, leg cramps, tingling or burning sensation on the fingers, toes and lips, fatigue, weakness, painful menstrual periods, dry skin, patch hair loss, brittle nails, depression and anxiety.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include blood tests for calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and parathyroid hormone levels.


Treatment

Treatment includes calcium, vitamin D and magnesium supplements. Thiazide diuretics may help treat hypocalcemia as well as a diet rich in calcium and low in phosphorus.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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