What is it?

Gingival Hyperplasia refers to a condition which is characterized by overgrowth of the gum tissue around the teeth. It is usually caused due to inflammation, which causes plaque buildup. It can also be caused due to pregnancy, diseases such as HIV, diabetes, anemia, Crohn’s disease, lymphoma, vitamin deficiency or as a side effect of medications such as antiepileptic drugs, immunosuppressants, and calcium channel blockers.

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Signs & symptoms

Symptoms may include pain, tender goms, bleeding, plaque buildup on the teeth, and bad breath.


Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination.


Treatment includes keeping oral hygiene or treating the underlying cause. In rare cases, a surgery will be recommended.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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