What is it?

Epileptic seizures, are seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations and sometimes loss of awareness. Seizures result from bursts of electrical activity in the brain that temporarily affect how it works. Seizures can be focal or general. Focal seizures, is when seizures appear to result from abnormal activity in just one area of your brain. Generalized seizures, is when all areas of the brain are involved.
Although an epileptic seizure can be caused by various reasons, external causes are a common trigger of epileptic seizures. External factors include drug intoxication, head trauma, infections, lack of sleep, dehydration, stress, alcohol, flashing lights and nutrient deficiencies.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Epileptic seizures related to drugs

Signs & symptoms

Temporary confusion
Stiff muscles
Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs
Loss of consciousness or awareness
Psychological symptoms such as fear, anxiety.


Diagnosis includes a neurological exam, Blood tests, Electroencephalogram (EEG), Computerized tomography (CT) scan, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
It is also important to complete full anamnestic questionnaire, in order to understant what triggers or causes the seizures.


Anti epileptic medication to prevent recurrent seizures.
During a seizure, sedation (benzodiazepines) can be used to stop the seizure.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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