What is it?

Dysgraphia is a learning disability that stands for impairment in written expression. People who have dysgraphia may find handwriting tasks and assignments harder than other people. Dysgraphia could appear in children, or in adults after a brain injury such as a stroke. In children, many times it comes together with other learning disabilities such as ADHD and dyslexia.

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Signs & symptoms

Symptoms may include unclear handwriting, often mixing upper and lower case letters, and different styles. Other symptoms include copying things slowly, a sore hand due to cramped grip, poor spatial planning of the page, frequent erasing, inconsistency in word spacing, poor spelling and unusual upper body position while writing.


Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include a session with a licensed psychologist trained in learning disorders who may perform tests that measure the ability to put thoughts into words and motor skills.


Treatment varies and depends on whether there are other learning disabilities but special assistance such as individualized education programs may help learning techniques to help them cope and overcome their difficulties. For example, sometimes using a computer instead of handwriting makes it easier.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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