What is it?

Common toe deformities refer to:
-Hallux valgus which we discuss in a different condition
-Hallux varus- a medial deviation of the great toe at the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint.
-Claw toe- when the toes bend into a claw-like position.
-Hammer toe- in which the toe is bent at the middle joint, so that it resembles a hammer.
Toe deformities are caused by ill-fitting shoes pushing the toes upwards, arthritis,toe injury, unusually high foot arch, a bunion on the big toe causing more weight to be out on the small toes, and congenital disorders.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Hammer Toe
- Hallux Rigidus
- Hallux Malleus
- Hallux Varus

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms of toe deformities may include misshapen appearance, difficulty walking, inability to flex the foot or wiggle the toes, pain, rough skin and infection.


Toe deformities are diagnosed on a physical examination. Sometimes an X-ray will be performed, mostly to decide on the treatment.


Toe deformities are either treated conservatively, with medical shoes and pressure-relieving insoles or surgically to straighten the toes.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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