What is it?

Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder. It is mostly caused by a bacterial infection of the urinary tract (UTI). It can also be caused by medications, hygiene products, radiation therapy, and long-term use of catheter. Cystitis occurs more often in women. Post-menopausal women, pregnant women and those who use of diaphragm are at higher risk. Untreated infection can lead to kidney infection, pyelonephritis.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Irradiation Cystitis
- Trigonitis
- Cystitis Cystica

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms may include frequent urge to urinate, burning sensation during urination, hematuria (bloody urine) pelvic or abdominal pain or discomfort, back pain, and fever.


Diagnosis is based on the patients symptoms and medical history. In addition, urine analysis including bacterial culture. A cystoscopy can be done to view the urinary tract or imaging, although these are usually not required for the first time.


Antibiotics are usually prescribed for bacterial cystitis. Repeat infection may be treated by a more prolonged antibiotic treatment. It is important to drink plenty of fluids and keel hydrated.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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