What is it?

Congenital rubella syndrome can occur in a developing fetus of a pregnant woman who has contracted rubella, usually in the first trimester.
A MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccination is highly recommended for women planning to become pregnant, at least 28 days prior to conception, in order to prevent congenital rubella syndrome.
Women who are pregnant should not receive the vaccine since it contains live viruses.

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Congenital rubella syndrome.

Signs & symptoms

The classic triad for congenital rubella syndrome is:

Sensorineural deafness (58% of patients)
Eye abnormalities especially retinopathy, cataract, glaucoma, and microphthalmia (43% of patients)
Congenital heart disease especially pulmonary artery stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus (50% of patients)


For the mother: Rubella causes unique skin lesions, so a physician can typically diagnose it through a physical examination. Your doctor may also order blood or urine tests to confirm the diagnosis.
For the baby: It is possible to test for rubella in the bloodstream if your child is born with congenital rubella syndrome.


Prevention is the best treatment

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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