What is it?

Ectodermal structures are the skin, sweat gland, hair, nails, teeth and mucous membrane. In ectodermal dysplasia, these structures develop in an abnormal way. The condition is genetic and congenital but may be noticed only in childhood. The combination of defects may vary between people.

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Signs & symptoms

Symptoms may include missing or abnormal teeth, abnormal fingernails or toenails, inability to sweat and sparse, thin hair on the body and scalp.


Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include genetic testing.


The disorder has no cure, treatment focuses on symptom relief and may include dentures, implants, special hair, skin and nails treatment and lifestyle changes as well as psychological support.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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