What is it?

Congenital cataracts refers to a lens opacity that is present at birth- from mild to severe. Some cataracts do not become more severe, while others cause serious visual impairments. It can be unilateral or bilateral. Congenital cataracts can be caused by genetic mutations, chromosomal abnormalities, metabolic conditions, and prenatal environment such as toxoplasma and rubella infections. Medication use such as corticosteroids can also be the cause for cataracts.

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Congenital Cataract and Lens Anomalies.

Signs & symptoms

Congenital cataract symptoms may include several morphological configurations such as amellar, polar, sutural, coronary, cerulean, nuclear, capsular, complete, membranous.


Congenital cataract diagnosis may be done during screening examination done to all newborns with red reflex test. Other tests may be done with a retinoscopy by looking at the lens of the eye. Bilateral cataracts may be further evaluated with laboratory tests to diagnose metabolic conditions.


Treatment should include surgery because of the risk for amblyopia, it is best if done before 6 weeks of age. If the cataract is small, it might not need any treatment.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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