What is it?

Compression of vein, or venous compression, is caused by compression of the veins in tight anatomic spaces by adjacent structures, and is seen in a number of locations. Venous compression includes the following syndromes: including Paget–Schroetter syndrome, Nutcracker syndrome, May–Thurner syndrome and popliteal venous compression. These syndromes are usually seen in young, healthy individuals, and can lead to significant overall morbidity.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Venous compression

Signs & symptoms

Signs and symptoms of venous compression may include:
- Pain
- Swelling
- Venous thrombosis
- Varicosities
- Hematuria


Diagnosis of venous compression is based on the patient's symptoms and imaging features. The following imaging tests may be used to diagnose venous compression:
- Ultrasound with doppler
- Contrast-enhanced CT
- CT venography (CTV)
- Contrast-enhanced MRI or MR venography (MRV)


Treatment options for venous compression include:
- Conservative therapy - consists of bed rest, limb elevation, warm compresses and anticoagulation.
- Catheter-directed thrombolysis is followed by surgical treatment to provide decompression of the vein.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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