What is it?

Cervical dysplasia refers to abnormal changes in the cells on the surface of the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the vagina. The changes are not cancer but can lead to cancer of the cervix if not treated.
Cervical dysplasia is most commonly caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV), which is a sexually transmitted virus.
It can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on how abnormal the cells look under a microscope and how much of the cervical tissue is affected.

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Signs & symptoms

Most of the time, there are no symptoms.

Diagnosis

Your doctor will perform a pelvic exam to check for cervical dysplasia.
The initial test is usually a Pap test, also called Pap smear, in which your doctor will scrape cells from your cervix and examine them under the microscope as well as check them for HPV.
if a Pap test shows abnormal cells your doctor will recommend a Colposcopy- a procedure in which the abnormal lining of your cervix is identified and sampled in order to look at it under the microscope.

Treatment

Treatment depends on the degree of dysplasia, meaning how abnormal the cells are.
Mild dysplasia may go away without treatment, while moderate and severe dysplasia are less likely to resolve on their own and will require further treatment including laser therapy, cryotherapywhich freezes the abnormal cells or surgery.
Early diagnosis and prompt treatment cure most cases of cervical dysplasia. However, the condition may return.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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