What is it?

Buphthalmos is a term referring to an unusually enlarged eye, before the age of 3. It could be either bilateral or unilateral. The most common cause of buphthalmos is childhood glaucoma, which is when increased intraocular pressure damages the optic nerve.

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Signs & symptoms

Buphthalmos symptoms, if caused due to childhood glaucoma may include tearing, sensitivity to light, irritation of the eye and haziness.


Buphthalmos is diagnosed during an eye exam. Further tests may include biomicroscopy, ophthalmoscopy, tonometry and gonioscopy.


Buphthalmos treatment typically begins with reducing the pressure by eye drops. Other treatments may include implants that help the drainage, or a surgery to create drainage or to remove the eye part that created the extra fluid.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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