What is it?

The bladder neck consists of muscles that connect the bladder to the urethra . When those muscles relax, the urine flows through the urethra. When there is a blockage of the bladder neck, urinary problems may develop, leading to complications such as urinary tract infections, kidney damage, bladder diverticula or long term incontinence.
Causes for bladder neck blockage include an enlarged prostate (making this condition more common in older men), previous prostate surgery or radiation, and weakened vaginal wall for women.

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Bladder Neck Obstruction.

Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Bladder neck contracture
- Stricture of bladder neck

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms of bladder neck obstruction may include frequency and urgency in urination, night urination, difficulty starting urination, weak urine stream, a stream that stops and starts,inability to completely empty the bladder and pelvic pain.


Bladder neck obstruction is diagnosis is based upon findings in medical history, physical examination, urodynamics to evaluate bladder function and cystoscopy.


Treatment for bladder neck obstruction include medications that help relax the bladder neck muscle (alpha blockers) or shrink the prostate (5-alpha reduate inhibitors). Self- catheterization is sometimes indicated, in which the patient empties his own bladder. Sometimes, surgical procedures may be needed.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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