What is it?

The bladder role is to fill with fluid-waste (urine) and stores it until full. When the brain signals that the bladder is full, it activates the urinary tract system to relieve the pressure.
Common diseases of the bladder may be:
- Cystitis - inflammation of the bladder, often from an infection
- Urinary incontinence - loss of bladder control
- Overactive bladder - a condition in which the bladder squeezes urine out at the wrong time
- Interstitial cystitis - a chronic problem that causes bladder pain and frequent, urgent urination
- Bladder cancer

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Signs & symptoms

Symptoms of bladder disorders may include:
- Bladder leakage
- Pain or a burning sensation during urination
- Persistent, strong urge to urinate
- Frequent urination
- Blood in the urine

Diagnosis

Following thorough investigation of your medical history and symptoms and a physical examination, you may referred to one or more of the following tests:
- Cystoscopy - a small scope through the ureter into the bladder to see inside and view possible blockages.
- Imaging Tests - MRIs, CTs and ultrasounds
Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) - a combination of X-rays and injectable dye to understand the urinary tract functioning.

Treatment

Treatment options for a bladder disorder depend on the underlying disease. Some disorder may be treated with antibiotics or may resolve spontaneously. While others may require other interventions such as surgeries.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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