What is it?

Arterial fibromuscular dysplasia is a condition characterized by the narrowing of the medium-sized arteries of the body. Most commonly, the arteries affected are the cerebral and renal arteries. The cause of fibromuscular dysplasia is not yet unknown but it is thought to be affected by female hormones and genetics. It is more common in women in their 50s and in people who smoke.

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Signs & symptoms

People who have fibromuscular dysplasia may not suffer from any symptoms. In other cases, symptoms depend on the arteries affected. If the renal arteries are affected, symptoms may include high blood pressure and poor kidney function. Symptoms when cerebral arteries are affected may include headaches, tinnitus,dizziness, neck pain and a stroke.


Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include duplex ultrasound, CT angiogram or an MR angiogram.


Treatment depends on the symptoms and sometimes is not necessary. In other cases, treatment for high blood pressure is given. Surgical procedures such as Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and revascularization are done.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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