What is it?

Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is an example of a respiratory anomaly that is characterized by chronic respiratory tract infections, abnormally positioned internal organs, and infertility. PCD is a rare genetic disorder in which there are abnormal cilia, which is a structure found in the linings of the airway and reproductive organ. The cilia movement helps get the mucus and the bacteria towards the throat from the lungs. Babies with PCD suffer from breathing difficulties, nasal congestion, ear infections, and a chronic cough.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Primary ciliary dyskinesia

Signs & symptoms

Primary ciliary dyskinesia symptoms may include recurring pneumonia, chronic nasal congestion, chronic ear infections, chronic wet cough, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, and situs inversus (opposite position of the internal organs).


Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include blood tests, sputum tests, breathing tests or imaging tests, such as a CT scan or chest X-ray and a genetic testing.


There is no cure for primary ciliary dyskinesia, and treatment focuses on improving lung function and slowing the disease progression. Treatment may include antibiotics to treat infections, chest physical therapy, oxygen treatment and even lung transplant.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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